Jharkhand Horticulture Intensification by Micro Drip Irrigation Project funded by Japanese ODA  loan

Agriculture in Jharkhand is dominated by small holders and about 50% of the farmers have a land holding of less than 0.4 ha. As the state does not possess any perennial river and has undulated topography, irrigation schemes are limited to minor ones. The farmers rely on groundwater not only for domestic use, but also for agricultural production in Jharkhand. Conductive climatic conditions and proximity to markets have created a high potential for promotion of a wide range of horticultural crops in Jharkhand. In this context, promotion of MDI would contribute to intensification of horticulture in Jharkhand. The farmers would also gain from increased water use efficiency, improved yields, precision in application of fertilizers and plant nutrients as well as savings in labour and energy.

JICA recognizes the significance of livelihood improvement and poverty alleviation in rural areas and Horticulture Intensification by Micro Drip Irrigation project shall contribute towards development of agriculture and horticulture sector, poverty alleviation and also gender empowerment in the state of Jharkhand.

The project is targeting 30,000 farmers’ households across 9 districts of Jharkhand. The farmers to be supported under the project are members of Self Help Group (SHG) formed by Jharkhand State Livelihood Promotion Society (JSLPS) and own or lease small farmlands. The project adopts a holistic approach wherein farmers are provided with MDI system, poly nursery house and vermi compost unit along with intensive training on horticulture and marketing.

It is envisaged that average yield of major horticulture crops and the net annual average farm income per household per year for MDI farmers would double due to project interventions.

Project Objectives

  1. Enhance household incomes from diversified farming and on-farm activities
  2. Capacity building of community on improved MDI technology and Package of practices of crops for wider dissemination of technology.
  3. Training of SHGs members in nurturing for micro-enterprises promotion, managing group fund, arranging micro credit from Village Organisation and ensuring pay back for replication of technology in sustainable manner
  4. Public Private Community Partnership (PPCP) through engagement with financial institutions, input suppliers and market forces. Collectivization of the products and linkages with market. Convergence with government programme for replication.
  5. Developing a sustainable management system through promotion of Community Resource Person for escalation of technology and day-to-day technology support.
  6. Establishment of infrastructure for gradation and storage. Development of market information system and support.

Area of implementation

9 Districts (Ranchi, Khunti, Pakur, Pashchimi Singhbhum, Lohardaga, Gumla, Simdega, Khunti, and Dumka) ( 30 Blocks)

Financial Outlay: 282.85 crore

Number of Beneficiary: 30000

Project Components

  1. Agriculture Infrastructure Development Program

The infrastructure and equipment components under the programme are listed below:

Activity  Quantity Subsidy/grant
MDI Package (MDI, PNH, VCU)     
(1)MDI System30,000No.40% Grant, 60% by Farmer
(2)Poly Nursery House30,000No.100% Grant
(3)Vermin Compost Unit30,000No.100% Grant
Agricultural Tools and Equipment’s   
(1)Agricultural Tools (Solar based Pump set is applicable base on requirement from VO in remote area)600No.100% Grant
(2)Zero Energy Cool Chamber150No.100% Grant
Agriculture Facilities   
(1)Multi-purpose Community Center15No.100% Grant
(2)Godown cum Cold Storage1No.100% Grant
  • Farmers Support Programme

This component focuses on institution building, capacity building of staff and field resource persons. Series of training of trainers (TOT) would be conducted on relevant technical aspects such as basic O&M of MDI facilities, horticultural production techniques, and marketing including postharvest techniques. As for the organisational and financial management of MFGs, the training programme should be formulated in close alignment with existing training on institution building under NRLM being conducted by JSLPS. Exposure visit to farmers and staff shall be one of component under it. Training material developments,documentation, workshop, seminar is part of this component.

  • Project Management

This project management unit would be set up for this project. This unit would work for the project and the positions have been mapped with positions in JSLPS HR manual. The Project Management cost includes cost of establishment of offices only at the state level, the district and block unit is with the existing block and district offices under NRLM. The other cost includes, MIS development, procurement of equipment’s, vehicle, office rent, undergoing base, mid and end line survey, environment survey, exposure visit, research. Thus a total of 200 staffs along with  1000 community resource persons shall be supporting the project.

  • Consulting Services

The project consultant will be employed to assist PMU for smooth and efficient implementation of the project (I-HIMDI), international and national level consultants shall be engaged with consultation with JICA. This unit would support Project Management Unit at state and provide technical support as well as support in capacity building of the staffs.

  • Convergence and state cost

This project would try to Convergence with other schemes and Line Departments not only from the financial point of view but also from technical point of view for enhancing the impact and sustainability of the Project. One of the most significant convergence shall be with NRLM as this project is layering of additional livelihood with SHG. As organizational arrangement for the Project is based on the existence and functions of SHGs, which have been and would further be promoted under NRLM, close coordination is required with NRLM. JSLPS/RDD stated that it shall endeavor to develop close linkage with Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojana. Further availability of water resource is the basic prerequisite for the introduction of MDI, convergence with Integrated Watershed Management Programme (IWMP) and Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA) under RDD shall be ensured. For Agriculture support Agricultural Technology Management Agency (ATMA) and Krishi Vigyan Kendras can be possible since they provide farmers with various skills and knowledge on farming techniques under their respective schemes.