The State of Jharkhand was created in November, 2000 through reorganization of erstwhile Bihar. It comprised of the Chhotanagpur, Santal Pargana and Hazaribagh Divisions of undivided Bihar with a geographical area of 79,714 square kilometer. According to the Census 2011, Jharkhand’s nearly 76% population lives in rural area. The State is home to nearly one tenth of the country’s Scheduled Tribes population, who constitute 31% of Jharkhand’s total population.. Another 12% of the population is from Scheduled Castes. The State has 24 districts, 259 blocks, 4423 Gram Panchayat and 32620 villages.
The state as such is rich in minerals with preponderance of natural resources. It has rich past legacies with glorious cultural heritage and abundance of flora and fauna. Nearly 29% state’s territory is covered with forest The major sources of livelihoods for its people depend on agriculture, Non-Timber Forest produces(NTFP),daily wages labors, self employments etc. State’s 39.1% population lives below poverty line (BPL) comprising 41.6% in rural area and 31.1% in urban territories. Despite of climatic suitability for growing wide range of agricultural produce and abundance of natural resources Jharkhand is far behind in overall development if compared with development indices at national level. Majority of population confront with pertinent development challenges ; illiteracy, poverty and hunger, absence of infrastructure, unemployment, absence health facilities , housing etc.
Considering the potential of the state to grow and achieve the development indicators at par with any developed states, the Rural Development Department (RDD), Government of Jharkhand initiated a Model Village Project (Adarsh Gram Yojana) which aims at enhancing quality of life of rural households by adopting integrated development approach in collaboration all lining departments of the State Government as well as partner agencies .To this end the RDD endeavors to prepare the village level perspective plans integrating all the sectors and subsectors which can contribute to the all round development of the villages in converting the villages as model village. The model village development plan will be initially initiated in few selected villages 100 villages to begin with as a pilot and as experience gained, it may be replicated in the entire state in phased manner. The perspective plan will based on the poverty diagnosis of the village with clear understanding of determinants of poverty, resource mapping, skill sets, infrastructure gap, market assessment, assessment of the community institutions and natural resources. The plan document will clearly reflect on the problem and opportunity and scope for convergence with the ongoing programmes either centrally sponsored or sponsored by state government.
The ultimate object of the Adarsh Gram Pariyojana is to ensure that each household will be able to earn a minimum of Rs. 60,000/- a year by availing them appropriate opportunities in education and skill development, infrastructural development, creating new job opportunities for youths, Agriculture and horticulture, dairy, fisheries, non timber forest produce, Non- farm based micro enterprise , promotion innovative and environment friendly livelihoods ,setting common facility centres , housing , water and sanitation, strengthening Gram Panchyats and other village level institutions, decentralization and devolution of power at grassroots , health and various other civic facilities.